Dosezi i pretpostavke ubrzanja integracije Bosne i Hercegovine u Evropsku uniju i NATO savez / Reach and Prsuppositions for Acceleration of B-H Integration to the EU and NATO Alliance
Keywords:Bosnia and Herzegovina, Dayton Peace Agreement, European Union, NATO Alliance, Higher Representative of the International Community, European Integration, Euro-Atlantic Integration, Acceleration of BiH Integration into the EU
After the three and a half year war period from 1992-1995, the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s economy and infrastructure were devastated. Also, the socio-cultural sphere greatly suffered. More than a million citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina were refugees in the countries of Western Europe, the USA, Canada and Australia. Internally displaced persons in the Bosnia and Herzegovina territory lost their homes. The reconstruction of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina started after the Dayton Peace Agreement in early 1996. The Dayton Peace Agreement has established peace, but also a dysfunctional state - namely all state structures are derived from
ethnic basis. Political parties are articulated on ethnicities and do not have a historical conduit to form consensus on the Bosnia and Herzegovina’s state development. With its civilian and peacekeeping forces, the International Community has provided the institution of the International Community Higher Representative and the Special Representative of the European Union and enabled peace building and transition of the B-H society. The construction of peace in the first decades of the XXI century takes place on the geopolitical basis of the Dayton Peace Agreement and the geopolitics of the Euro-Atlantic integrations. With the involvement of the International Community and the European Union, apart from peace-building, the Dayton Peace Accords also established the basis for
a historic project of the integration of Bosnia and Herzegovina into the European Union and the NATO Alliance. From the geopolitics of the Dayton Peace Agreement, Bosnia and Herzegovina gradually moves into geopolitics of Euro-Atlantic integration through gaining membership in the European Union and the NATO alliance. European integration takes place within the internationalization of Bosnian issue as a matter of building Bosnia and Herzegovina as a self-sustainable legal state. Bosnia and Herzegovina achieves its self-sustainability by implementing reforms and gaining membership in the European Union and the NATO Alliance. As a result, the integration of Bosnia and Herzegovina into the European Union and the NATO Alliance is a historic project of building peace in post-war and post-Dayton era. The delay in the integration of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina into the European Union and the NATO alliance can create conditions for the functioning of new geopolitical forces in the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina, contrary to the
Euro-Atlantic integration concept.
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