Psihološki poremećaji kroz cjeloživotni razvoj / Psychological Disorders across the Life Span
Prevalencija i razvojni rizici / Prevalence and Developmental Risks
Keywords:psychological disorders, prevalence, risk and protective factors, lifelong development
Psychological well-being is an integral part of human ability to lead a fulfilled life, which implies the ability to form and maintain nterpersonal relationships, learning, work, or engaging in various activities and hobbies, and the ability to make decisions or make life choices on a daily basis. The World Health Organization recognized the importance of psychological well-being by defining health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, not just as absence of disease or helplessness. Contrary to well-being, psychological abnormality can occur to everyone and greatly undermine day-to-day functioning. Prevalence of psychological disorders in BiH is similar to worldwide prevalence: mostly anxious and somatic disorders are present, followed by mood disorders, schizophrenia and personality disorders. The development of psychological disorders is caused by the presence of many risk and protective factors. One of the possible ways of looking at the risk and protective factors is through the developmental perspective which is presented in this paper. It is difficult to set the boundary between child / adolescent and adult psychopathology; it would actually be more useful when it would not exist in the conceptual sense. To truly understand the risks of developing psychopathology, it is necessary for theoreticians and researchers to take a look at psychological disorders through a lifelong perspective.
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