Scientific Debate on the Social Processes in Bosnia and Herzegovina on Its Path of EU Ascension Held Print

The University of Sarajevo and Editorial Board of the Pregled: Journal for Social Issues organized a scientific debate on the social processes in Bosnia and Herzegovina on its of integration into the European Union on Tuesday 22 April 2014.

The welcome addresses on the debate organized with the aim of providing scientific contributions to the overcoming of the current situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina were delivered by UNSA VICE-Rectors Prof. Dr. Ugo Vlaisavljevic and Prof. Dr. Faruk Mekic. Editor in Chief of Pregled Prof. Dr. Senadin Lavic addressed the participants afterwards.

In his discussion on the topic of social science and the interpretation of social phenomena Prof. Lavic pointed out that there was a noticeable exclusion or withdrawal of socio - scientific subjects in a when it was spoken about the current social reality that was filled with complex phenomena . “We do not currently possess a valid interpretation of social processes and phenomena from our own research on the basis of which one could draw some reasonable notice or knowledge for the orientation and taking the next step when it comes to the functioning of society. There are not even relevant analysis from the perspective of sociology, political science, culturology, anthropology, demography, economics and related sciences. The philosophical and scientific discourse on Bosnian reality is almost extinct. All analyzes and interpretations are coming from the outside of our public and; we are turning into parrots who repeat unconsciously somewhere else prepared points, thus do not developing our own interpretive position. This makes room for horrific manipulations" said Professor Lavic.

From various aspects - social, political, philosophical, legal, economic, religious and cultural, participants in discussion analyzed the current situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Prof. Dr. Enes Durmisevic talked about social processes in BiH. He commented the question of how to reach the state of consolidated democracy, saying that it could be achieved when an agreement on procedures how to install legitimate government was reached. He said that such government should be elected on general and free elections, and when that government had a real power to create a new political realm, whilst legislative, executive and judicial power should not have to share power with other bodies.

Prof. Dr. Mirko Pejanovic was speaking on the topic of Ideas to accelerate the integration of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the European Union. He said that the possibility of accelerating the integration of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the European Union has two assumptions.
“The first assumption is contained in a change of strategy by the EU institutions for the process of ascension of Bosnia and Herzegovina into the European Union. The second assumption is contained in shaping the political will of parties that after winning parliamentary elections in 2014 forms a cross-party coalition broad of the political project: European Bosnia and Herzegovina. This idea of a broad coalition of European Bosnia and Herzegovina would be a response to the demands and will of the citizens of their country to join the European Union“ said Professor Pejanovic.

In his presentation on the topic What kind of reforms and taken to Bosnia and Herzegovina accelerated path of integration into the European Union, Prof. Dr. Salih Foco said that many reforms had been undertaken in BiH, but they did not reached their goal. “The BH society requires different strategies of change offered as different or new to our terms of economic, social and public policy to leave the state of stagnation and embark on the path of reforms, programmed and desired to make positive outcome for social position and livelihood of citizens” said Professor Foco.

Prof. Dr. Lada Sadikovic and Prof. Dr. Hidajet Repovac were discussing the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights as a reference instrument for the ascension of state of B&H in the European Union. Prof. Dr. Hidajet Repovac commented the cultural aspects of the BH society in the process of integration into the European Union. The presentation by Prof. Dr. Fikret Causevic focused on the political economics of the transition of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the former Yugoslavia. Prof. Dr. Mile Babic presented the topic Nobody is not allowed to rule anyone.

Within the presentation on the topic of National state and minorities management: BH and aporia over  Sejdic – Finci Case,  Prof. Dr. Asim Mujkic questioned the implications of recent decisions from Brussels to leave aside for now the implementation of “Sejdic – Finci” ruling and focus on other aspects of the EU integration process.

Director of the Center for Cultural Dialogue in Sarajevo, Mrs. Sanja Vlaisavljevic said that speaking about  Bosnia and Herzegovina on the path of its integration into the EU meant to open the underlying problems of BH political life in which there were the least common points that connected different interests and political will.

" Outvoting , nonvoting, federalism, centralized Bosnia and Herzegovina, the true constituency of the constituent peoples, constitutional rights of minorities, the question of language, education, implementation of the Sejdic – Finci ruling and many other questions are open and without any indication how  to be resolved. At first glance, these problems are easily solvable or act even as superficial examples of discrepancies in political life, however unfortunately  it is about the key issues that affect BiH's path to European integration " stated Mrs. Vlaisavljevic .

Prof. Dr. Suad Kurtcehajic presented the topic Additional competencies as a mechanism of integration of Bosnia and Herzegovina. He  said that he found how the solution to the question of functioning of BiH had three modes. Namely, that the people through their representatives reach agreement is less likely, because it is obvious that everyone thinks and wants differently, at least when it comes to their representatives. “In a situation where we cannot find a consensus on the way how to get out of the crisis, there are two other ones. This is to get practically faster 'suction' by EU to itself and the NATO pact as well. This is because no member of NATO has ever been practically disintegrated. It is important because it would marginalize the forces that would like to disintegrate BiH. The third way, which I advocate and today introduce, is what needs to be done by the High Representative” said professor Kurtcehajic.

Mr. Adil Kulenovic at today's debate spoke about the importance of organizing such event, and commented on the current situation.

The papers delivered at the discussion will be published in a forthcoming issue of the Pregled, along with the already established fields, in order to make closer the journal to the general public and wider public and get it improved.

Prof. dr. Enes Durmišević je govorio o društvenim procesima u BiH, te se osvrnuo na pitanje kako doći do konsolidirane demokratije, poručivši da se do nje može doći kada bude postignuta saglasnost o procedurama do dolaska legalne vlade koja biva izabrana na sveopćim i slobodnim izborima i kada ta vlada bude imala faktičku vlast da stvara novu politiku, a zakonodavna, izvršna i sudska vlast ne mora dijeliti vlast sa drugim organima.

Prof. dr. Mirko Pejanović je, govoreći o temi Ideje za ubrzanje integracije Bosne i Hercegovine u Evropsku uniju, naveo da mogućnost ubrzanja integracije Bosne i Hercegovine u Evropsku uniju ima dvije pretpostavke.
„Prva je sadržana u promjeni strategije institucija Evropske unije prema odvijanju procesa integracije Bosne i Hercegovine u Evropsku uniju. Druga pretpostavka je sadržana u oblikovanju političke volje pobjedničkih stranaka da nakon parlamentarnih izbora 2014. godine obrazuju široku međustranačku koaliciju na političkom projektu: evropska Bosna i Hercegovina. Ova ideja široke koalicije za evropsku Bosnu i Hercegovinu bila bi odgovor na zahtjeve i volju građana da njihova zemlja postane članica Evropske unije“, istakao je profesor Pejanović.

U izlaganju o temi Koje i kakve reforme preduzeti da bi Bosna i Hercegovina ubrzala svoj put integracije u Evropsku uniju prof. dr. Salih Fočo je naglasio da je mnogo reformi preduzeto u BiH, ali da nisu dale cilj. „Bh. društvu je potrebna drugačija strategija promjena od ponuđenih kao i drugačije ili za naše uvjete nove ekonomske, socijalne i javne politike kako bi izašla iz stanja stagnacije i krenula putem reformi i to programiranih i željenih, sa pozitivnim ishodom po poziciju i socijalnu egzistenciju građana“, istakao je profesor Fočo.

O Evropskoj konvenciji za zaštitu ljudskih prava kao referentnom instrumentu za prijem države u Evropsku uniju govorila je prof. dr. Lada Sadiković, dok se prof. dr. Hidajet Repovac osvrnuo na kulturne aspekte bh. društva u procesu integracije u Evropsku uniju, a izlaganje prof. dr. Fikreta Čauševića fokusirano je na političku ekonomiju tranzicije bivše Jugoslavije i Bosne i Hercegovine. Prof. dr. Mile Babić je izlagao o temi Nitko ne smije ni nad kim vladati.

U okviru izlaganja o temi Nacionalna država i menadžment manjina: BiH i aporija „Sejdić-Finci“ prof. dr. Asim Mujkić je propitao posljedice nedavne odluke iz Brisela da pitanje provedbe odluke „Sejdić-Finci” za sada ostavi po strani i fokusira se na druge aspekte procesa integracije BiH u EU.

Gospođa Sanja Vlaisavljević, direktorica Centra za kulturu dijaloga u Sarajevu, navela je da govoriti o BiH na putu integriranja u EU znači otvoriti temeljne probleme bh. političkog života u kojem ne postoje ni najmanje zajedničke tačke koje povezuju različite interese i političke volje.

„Preglasavanje, neizglasavanje, federalizam, centralizirana BiH, istinska konstitutivnost konstitutivnih naroda, prava konstitutivnih manjina, pitanje jezika, obrazovanja, realiziranje presude 'Sejdić-Finci' i brojna druga pitanja su otvorena i bez ikakve naznake kada i kako bi mogla biti riješena. Na prvi pogled ovi problemi djeluju lako rješivi ili čak kao površni primjeri nesuglasja u političkom životu, ali, nažalost, riječ je o ključnim pitanjima koja utječu na put BiH ka europskim integracijama“, navela je gospođa Vlaisavljević.

Prof. dr. Suad Kurtćehajić je izlagao o temi Dodatne nadležnosti kao mehanizam integracije Bosne i Hercegovine, te je naveo da smatra kako za rješenje pitanja funkcioniranja BiH postoje tri načina, a to su da se narodi preko svojih predstavnika dogovore, što je manje vjerovatno, jer je očigledno da svi misle i žele drugačije, bar kada su u pitanju njihovi predstavnici. „U situaciji gdje mi ne možemo naći konsenzus o načinu izlaska iz krize, postoje dva druga. To je da nas EU praktično brže 'usisa' k sebi, kao i NATO pakt, jer nijedna zemlja članica NATO-a se praktično nije razbila. To je važno zbog toga što bi snage koje bi htjele razbijati BiH na taj način bile marginalizirane. Treći način koji ja zastupam i koji i danas ovdje iznosim je ono što treba uraditi visoki predstavnik“, kazao je profesor Kurtćehajić.

Gospodin Adil Kulenović je na današnjoj raspravi govorio o značaju organiziranja ovakvog događaja, te se osvrnuo na aktuelnu situaciju.

Izlaganja sa održane rasprave će biti objavljena u narednom broju časopisa Pregled, uz već ustaljene rubrike, kako bi se časopis približio akademskoj ali i široj javnosti, a njegova programska koncepcija promijenila i unaprijedila.
Pregled je drugi najstariji časopis u BiH, koji sa prekidima izlazi od 1910. godine, a od 1967. je njegov izdavač Univerzitet u Sarajevu. Pregled izlazi tri puta godišnje i indeksiran je u tri međunarodne baze podataka.